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Government of India and the World Bank have decided to provide Technical Assistance of Rs. 6147 crores in the Rural Drinking Water & Sanitation sector to the four lagging States viz. Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand and Bihar of the country. The State of Uttar Pradesh has been included because of prevalent Water Quality problems in the Eastern part of the State. Out of the total amount of Rs. 6147 crores, Rs. 3073 crores will be received from the World Bank through the International Development Agency (IDA) as loan to the Government of India which will be given to the four States. Rs. 2032 crores will be given by the Government of India to the four States through the National Rural Drinking Water Programme. Rs. 995 crores will be provided by the States from their own resources and Rs. 47 crores will be contributed by the community towards capital cost sharing.
Project Objectives

The overall objective of the proposed Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States (RWSS-LIS) is to “improve piped water and sanitation services” for selected rural communities in the target states through decentralized delivery systems.
Key Fundamental Principles

Decentralized Service Delivery System
Strengthening Institutions for Building Capacity
District-wide approach
Water Security for all
Integrated approach to water supply and sanitation
Selection of GPs
Governance and Accountability Aspects
Public Private Partnerships (PPPs)
Community Contributions towards Capital and O&M Costs
‘Twinning’ with Bank assisted RWSS Projects