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About NRDWP

NATIONAL RURAL DRINKING WATER PROGRAMME (NRDWP)                                                                     HINDI  BRIEF (NRDWP)

1. National Goal:
To provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations.

2. Basic Principles:
• To increase economic productivity and improve public health, there is an urgent need to immediately enhance access to safe and adequate drinking water and Government should give highest priority to the meeting of this basic need for the most vulnerable and deprived sections of society.
• As such, the emphasis is more on Public-Public Partnership (such as between Gram Panchayat and PHED for in-village distribution of drinking water) rather than commercialization of drinking water supply by private agencies.
• User charges of the water supply system should have an in-built component of cross-subsidy to ensure that the economically backward groups are not deprived of this basic minimum need.

3. Vision:
Safe and adequate drinking water for all, at all times, in rural India.

4. Objectives:
In rural areas of the country, to
(a) enable all households have access to and use safe and adequate drinking water and within reasonable distance
(b) ensure potability, reliability, sustainability, convenience, equity and consumers preference to be the guiding principles while planning for a community based water supply system.
(c) ensure all government schools and anganwadis have access to safe drinking water
(d) To provide enabling environment for Panchayat Raj Institutions and local communities to manage their own drinking water sources and systems;
(e) To provide access to information through online reporting mechanism within formation placed in public domain to bring in transparency, accountability and informed decision making;

5. GOALS-Strategic Plan (2011-22):

The Ministry has prepared a Strategic Plan for the rural drinking water sector for the period 2011 to 2022. The Goal of the Strategic Plan is:
• To ensure that every rural person has enough safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic needs as well as livestock throughout the year including during natural disasters and,
• by 2022, every rural person in the country will have access to 70 lpcd within their household premises or at a horizontal or vertical distance of not more than 50 meters from their household without barriers of social or financial discrimination. Individual states can adopt higher quantity norms, such as 100 lpcd.

• To achieve this goal, the following timelines have been laid out,
By 2017,
• Ensure that at least 50% of rural households are provided with piped water supply; at least 35% of rural households have piped water supply with a household connection; less than 20% use public taps and less than 45% use handpumps or other safe and adequate private water sources. All services meet set standards in terms of quality and number of hours of supply every day.
• Ensure that all households, schools and anganwadis in rural India have access to and use adequate quantity of safe drinking water.
• Provide enabling support and environment for Panchayat Raj Institutions and local communities to manage at least 60% of rural drinking water sources and systems.
By 2022,
• Ensure that at least 90% of rural households are provided with piped water supply; at least 80% of rural households have piped water supply with a household connection; less than 10% use public taps and less than 10% use handpumps or other safe and adequate private water sources.
• Provide enabling support and environment for all Panchayat Raj and local communities to manage 100% of rural drinking water sources and systems.

Critical Issues:
The critical sector issues that need to be tackled during the Twelfth Plan period can be summarized as follows:
• Need to focus on piped water supply rather on handpumps.
• Enhancement of service levels for rural water supply from the norm of 40 lpcd to 55 lpcd supply for designing of systems.
• Greater thrust on coverage of water quality affected habitations to tackle this problem within the XIIth Plan period.
• Making available additional resources for operation and management of schemes.
• Conjoint approach between rural water supply and rural sanitation so as to achieve saturation of habitations with both these services.
• Gradual shift from over dependence on ground water to surface water sources, and conjunctive use of ground water, surface water and rainwater.

Components of the NRDWP:
• COVERAGE: for providing safe and adequate drinking water supply to unserved, partially served and slipped back habitations with 47% share of total fund allocation (50% State, 50% Central share)
• SUSTAINABILITY: to encourage States to achieve drinking water security at the local level, with maximum 10% share of total fund allocation. (100% Central share)
• WATER QUALITY: Provide potable drinking water to quality affected habitations with 20% share of total fund allocation. (50% State, 50% Central share)
• OPERATION & MAINTENANCE (O&M) for expenditure on running, repair and replacement costs of drinking water supply projects, with maximum 15% share of total fund allocation. (50% State, 50% Central share)
• Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance (WQMS), and SUPPORT activities with 8% share of total fund allocation. (100% Central share)